References and evidence

References for our information materials

Signs and symptoms cards

Leaflets 

Meningitis can affect anyone 

After meningitis

    • McGill F, et al., The UK joint specialist societies guideline on the diagnosis and management of acute meningitis and meningococcal sepsis in immunocompetent adults, J Infect (2016). More here
    • NICE clinical guideline 102
    • SIGN clinical guideline 102 (2008)
    • Patient experience
    • Shears D, Nadel S, Gledhill J, Gorden F, Garralda ME (2007) Psychiatric adjustment in the year after meningococcal disease in childhood. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 46(1): 76-82
    • Borg J, Christie D, Coen PG, Booy R and Viner RM (2009) Outcomes of meningococcal disease in adolescents: prospective matched cohort study. Paediatrics. 123(3): e502 – e509 

      Supporting you

      • NICE clinical guideline 102  
      • SIGN clinical guideline 102
      • Patient experience
      • Bedford H, de Louvois J, Halket S et al. (2001) Meningitis in infancy in England and Wales: follow up at age 5 yrs. British Medical Journal 323:533-536
      • Heath P, Nik Yusoff NK, Baker CJ (2003) Neonatal meningitis. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Ed. 88: F173-F178
      • Shears D, Nadel S, Gledhill J, Gorden F, Garralda ME (2007) Psychiatric adjustment in the year after meningococcal disease in childhood. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 46(1): 76-82
      Bereavement following meningitis (formerly Meningitis bereavement information)
      • Expert opinion from counsellors
      • Catherine Sanders (1999) Grief The Mourning After, 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons Inc. pp.4-5
      My Journal and Your Guide

      All references are included in these information products

      Fact sheets 

      Meningococcal disease

      Pneumococcal meningitis 

      Tuberculous (TB) meningitis 

      Viral meningitis

      • Logan S and MacMahon E (2008) Viral meningitis. BMJ. 336: 36 – 40
      • Expert opinion
      • Meningitis Now (Meningitis Trust) survey 2012 – summary attached to fact sheet

      Meningitis vaccines

      Learning and developmental concerns after meningitis and meningococcal septicaemia

      • Personal experience
      • Expert opinion
      • Child Brain Injury Trust workshop “Don’t judge a book by its cover”
      • De Louvois J, Halket S, Harvey D (2006) Effect of meningitis in infancy on school leaving examination results. Arch. Dis. Child. Online doi: 10.1136/adc2006.105916 
      • Viner R, Booy R, Johnson H et al (2012) Outcomes of invasive meningococcal serogroup B disease in children and adolescents (MOSAIC): a case control study. Lancet Neurology. 11(9): 774 - 783

      Neonatal meningitis

      • Preventing group B streptococcus (GBS) infection in newborn babies: information for you. Royal College Obstetricians & Gynaecologists (February 2006)
      • Heath P, Nik Yusoff NK, Baker CJ (2003) Neonatal meningitis. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Ed. 88: F173-F178
      • de Louvois J, Halket S, Harvey D (2005) Neonatal meningitis in England and Wales: sequelae at 5 years of age. European Journal of Paediatrics. 164: 730-734
      • Stevens JP, Eames M, Kent A, Halket S, Holt D, Harvey D (2003) Long term outcome of neonatal meningitis. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 88: F179-F184
      • Bedford H, de Louvois J, Halket S et al. (2001) Meningitis in infancy in England and Wales: follow up at age 5 yrs. British Medical Journal. 323:533-536
      • Expert opinion

      Support services

      • Personal experience
      • Expert opinion 

      Complementary therapies 

      • Personal experience
      • Introduction to Alternative and Complementary Therapies (Haworth Practical Practice in Mental Health) Strozier A, Carpenter JE
      • The "Which?" Guide to Complementary Therapies ("Which?" Consumer Guides) Barnett H

      Disease statistics
      The following sources were used for all information materials containing disease statistics: