- Bacterial meningitis requires urgent medical attention
- There is no vaccine to protect against all causes of meningitis
- Some bacteria that cause meningitis can also cause septicaemia* (blood poisoning)
- People can be left with a wide range of after-effects
*Many medical experts now use the term sepsis instead of septicaemia.
Bacterial meningitis causes
Many different bacteria can cause meningitis, these include:
How do you treat bacterial meningitis?
Bacterial meningitis needs rapid admission to hospital and urgent treatment with antibiotics. If treated promptly, bacterial meningitis is less likely to become life-threatening.
Who is at risk of bacterial meningitis
- Bacterial meningitis can affect anyone at any age, but is most common in babies and young children
- Babies and young children are more at risk because their body’s defences are not fully developed
- Teenagers and young people are also at increased risk, particularly during the first year at university
- It’s important to remember that older adults can also get meningitis