With the clocks going back at the weekend and the prospect of colder winter weather, the risk of meningitis increases. People spend more time indoors, closer to others; meaning germs are spread more easily.
And fighting common infections like colds and flu weakens people’s immune systems, leaving them more vulnerable to the disease.
Each year there are about 2,000 cases of bacterial meningitis in the UK – leaving 10 per cent of sufferers dead and a third of those who survive with after-effects such as acquired brain injury, loss of hearing and sight and, where septicaemia has occurred, loss of limbs and scarring.
With the disease capable of killing within hours, knowledge of the symptoms, vigilance and quick action are all vital.
Disease can affect anyone
Dr Tom Nutt, our Chief Executive, said, “Babies and children under 5 are most at risk of meningitis, with over half of all cases occurring in this age group."
“But the disease can affect anyone, of any age, at any time. Even those who consider themselves ‘fit and healthy’ may be left fighting for their life in a matter of hours.”
Meningitis is a difficult disease to spot as many of its early symptoms can be similar to flu. These symptoms can include fever with cold hands and feet, vomiting, headache, stiff neck, dislike of bright light, joint or muscle pain, pale blotchy skin, drowsiness, confusion and, in babies, a dislike of being handled, an unusual cry, rapid breathing and bulging fontanelle.
Both adults and children may have a rash that does not fade under pressure, but our advice is not to wait for a rash to develop before seeking medical attention.
Symptoms can appear in any order and some may not appear at all.
Tom added, “We urge everyone to familiarise themselves with the symptoms, trust their instincts and get urgent medical help if concerned. Doing this could save yours or a loved one’s life.”
Anyone affected or concerned can contact our free Helpline on 0808 80 10 388 for information on our free support services.